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Energy, Poverty, And Gender Rural Electrification in Indonesia and Sri Lanka : From Social Analysis to Reform of the Power Sector

By Matly, Michel

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Book Id: WPLBN0000025825
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.0 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: Energy, Poverty, And Gender Rural Electrification in Indonesia and Sri Lanka : From Social Analysis to Reform of the Power Sector  
Author: Matly, Michel
Language: English
Subject: Economics, Finance & business, World Bank.
Collections: Economics Publications Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: The World Bank


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Matly, M. (n.d.). Energy, Poverty, And Gender Rural Electrification in Indonesia and Sri Lanka : From Social Analysis to Reform of the Power Sector. Retrieved from


Summary i) j) Energy, poverty, and gender evaluations were conducted in Indonesia and Sri Lanka from September 2000 to September 2001. Team experience and a literature review of past and present rural electrification issues in industrial and developing countries are incorporated. The field investigations were conducted in two phases: a qualitative phase with participatory surveys and interviews, and a quantitative phase with structured surveys among 3,600 households and firms engaged in small-scale productive activities (1,800 in each country). Unelectrified, and long-time or more recently electrified rural communities were included in the sample. This report focuses on two determinant aspects of electrification with regard to poverty and gender: (a) the benefits realized by rural households and by communities as a whole, with special emphasis on the poor and women, and (b) the conditions of access to electrification for all, including the poorest of society. This report also makes recommendations for a more poor-friendly electrification process, and for a more comprehensive evaluation of quantified benefits. The chapter 2 analysis of the conditions of rural electrification in industrial countries shows that a large number of poor communities decided to take the electrification initiatives in their own hands, and they developed solutions of their own. Electrification or, more specifically, rural electrification has been mostly based on the results of accrued local community initiatives and the intervention of sometimes very small private service providers. Governments were generally late to intervene, usually by the time community and market dynamics began to run out of steam. By that time it also made sense to interconnect many of these small local initiatives and finally become cost-effective so as to build up large national grids. This past picture reveals a dynamic process that is the reverse of what has been observed in most developing countries during the past 40 years or so: the development of one main electricity grid reaching out from major cities to smaller towns, and from smaller towns to rural areas.


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