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United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Collection (13,747 Books)


The United Nations Publications, Documents, and Reports host one of the most complete collections on international treaties, acts, and global assessment research reports ever assembled. The United Nations Library contains Four distinct sub-collections: International Aid and Funding Collection, International Disarmament Documents Collections, Food and Agricultural Organization Collection, and UN Documents and Publications Collection, containing UN News, UN Overview information, UN Conference information, and other UN information resources.

 
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Trade, Environment, And Sustainable Development

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The linkages between international agricultural trade and environmental sustainability are an important topic of debate at the ongoing negotiations on agriculture. There is the desire on the one hand that environmental issues be fully reflected in trade policy, but concern that they should not be used as barriers to trade.

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Trade Issues for Forest Products

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Global consumption of total roundwood rose from around 2 400 million m3 in 1970 to 3 275 million m3 in 1999. Despite the sizeable growth, only about 7 percent of the production enters international trade as primary forest products reflecting the fact that over half is used for fuelwood and charcoal, most of which is used domestically. Nevertheless, global trade of primary forest products has risen substantially, reaching US$136 billion in 1999. In addition to th...

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Agricultural Trade and Food Security

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Trade contributes to food security in a number of ways: it augments domestic supplies to meet consumption needs; it reduces supply variability, though not necessarily price instability; it fosters economic growth; it makes efficient use of world resources; and it permits global production to take place in those regions most suited to it. Trade is of continuing importance for both developed and developing countries.

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Food Quality, Safety and International Trade : Codex Alimentarius ...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Uruguay Round gave prominence to an area almost untouched by previous rounds of trade negotiations: food quality and safety. The Agreement an the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) and the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), now provide a framework for strengthening food quality and safety measures taken by governments while at the same time ensuring that such measures are not unjustified or disguised barriers to trade.

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The Trips Agreement and Agriculture

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The TRIPS Agreement includes three items related to agriculture: geographical indications (Arts. 22-24); patent protection of agricultural chemical products (Arts. 70.8 and 70.9); and plant variety protection (Art.27.3(b)). The issues raised by Art.27.3(b) are of particular concern to FAO. The obligation of WTO Members to adopt protection to plant varieties, either by patents or by an effective sui generis system, or by any combination thereof, has important imp...

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World Fisheries Trade and Some Emerging Issues

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: World production of fish currently stands at the level of 126 million tonnes, equivalent to 16.3 kg per caput. International trade of fish and fishery products reached US$52 billion in 1997-99, more than three-times that of 1980-82 (Figure 1).

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Biosafety Issues Related to Biotechnology for Sustainable Agricult...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: This paper provides information on current activities of FAO in particular in relation to standard setting in the field of Biosafety. In this paper, biosafety is considered in relation to the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in food and agriculture. In agriculture, (including animal husbandry, fishery and forestry), the concept of biosafety involves assessing and monitoring the effects of possible gene flow, competitiveness and the effects on other o...

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The International Plant Protection Convention (Ippc)

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The IPPC is a multilateral treaty deposited with the Director General of FAO and administered through the Interim Commission on Phytosanitary Measures in cooperation with regional and national plant protection organizations. The purpose of the Convention is ?international cooperation in controlling pests of plants and plant products and in preventing their international spread, and especially their introduction into endangered areas? (IPPC Preamble). The IPPC cu...

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The Food Situation in the Least Developed and Net Food-Importing D...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: This brief presents developments in the food security situation in the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and the Net Food-Importing Developing Countries (NFIDCs), the countries which are eligible for assistance under the Marrakesh Ministerial Decision on Measures Concerning the Possible Negative Effects of the Reform Process on the Net Food Importing Developing Countries.

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Commerce, Environnement et Developpement Durable

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Les rapports entre le commerce international de produits agricoles et la protection de l?environnement devraient ?tre un th?me important des d?bats lors des n?gociations sur l?agriculture, car si la politique commerciale doit tenir pleinement compte des questions d?environnement, il ne faut cependant pas que ces derni?res deviennent des obstacles au commerce.

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Problemes Lies au Commerce des Produits Forestiers

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: La consommation globale du bois rond (madriers) s?est accrue de 2 400 millions m3 en 1970 ? 3 275 millions de m3 en 1999. Malgr? l?importante croissance, seulement 7 pour cent de la production est commercialis? sur le march? international comme produits forestiers bruts refl?tant ainsi le fait que plus de la moiti? soit utilis?e sous forme de bois de chauffe et de charbon de bois dont la plupart est utilis?e pour les besoins domestiques. N?anmoins, le commerce g...

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Commerce et Securite Alimentaire

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Le commerce contribue ? la s?curit? alimentaire de plusieurs fa?ons : il accro?t les approvisionnements int?rieurs de fa?on ? satisfaire les besoins de consommation, r?duit la variabilit? de l?offre, mais pas n?cessairement l?instabilit? des prix, favorise la croissance ?conomique, assure l?utilisation rationnelle des ressources mondiales et permet ? la production mondiale d?avoir pour cadre les r?gions o? elle rencontre les conditions les plus favorables. Le co...

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Qualite et Innocuite des Aliments et Commerce International : Le C...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Le Cycle d?Uruguay a mis au premier plan un domaine jusqu?alors non abord? par les pr?c?dents cycles de n?gociations sur le commerce : la qualit? et l?innocuit? des aliments. L?Accord sur l?application des mesures sanitaires et phytosanitaires (Accord SPS) et l?Accord sur les obstacles techniques au commerce (Accord OTC) offrent d?sormais le cadre juridique permettant de renforcer les mesures prises par les tats pour assurer la qualit? et l?innocuit? des alimen...

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L'Accord Adpic1 et L'Agriculture

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: L?Accord ADPIC contient trois ensembles de dispositions qui concernent l?agriculture: des indications g?ographiques (art. 22 ? 24); des dispositions relatives ? la protection des brevets concernant les produits chimiques pour l?agriculture (art. 70.8 et 70.9) et la protection des vari?t?s v?g?tales (art. 27.3 (b)). Les points trait?s ? l?article 27.3 (b) sont particuli?rement importants pour la FAO. L?obligation qu?ont les membres de l?OMC de prot?ger des vari?t...

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Le Commerce Mondial des Produits de la Peche et Quelques Problemes...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: La production mondiale de poisson est actuellement de 126 millions de tonnes, soit l??quivalent de 16,3 kg par habitant. La valeur du commerce mondial de poisson et de produits de la p?che s?est mont?e ? 52 milliards de dollars en 1997-99, soit plus du triple du chiffre de 1980-82 (Figure 1).

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Questions de Securite Biologique Liees Aux Applications de la Biot...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Ce document fournit des informations sur les activit?s en cours de la FAO, en particulier en ce qui concerne la fixation de normes dans le domaine de la s?curit? biologique. Il examine les questions de s?curit? biologique li?es ? l?utilisation d?organismes g?n?tiquement modifi?s (OGM) dans l?alimentation et l?agriculture. Dans le domaine de l?agriculture (en particulier ?levage, p?che et foresterie), le concept de la s?curit? biologique implique l??valuation et ...

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La Convention Internationale Pour la Protection des Vegetaux (Cipv)

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: La CIPV est un trait? multilat?ral qui a ?t? d?pos? aupr?s du Directeur G?n?ral de la FAO et qui est g?r? par la Commission Provisoire des Normes Phytosanitaires en collaboration avec des organisations r?gionales et nationales de protection des plantes. Le but de cette Convention est ?de promouvoir la coop?ration internationale en mati?re de lutte contre les organismes nuisibles aux v?g?taux et aux produits v?g?taux ; et de pr?venir leur diss?mination internatio...

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La Situation Alimentaire Dans les Pays les Moins Avances et les Pa...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Cet expos? sommaire pr?sente les r?cents d?veloppements dans la situation de la s?curit? alimentaire dans les pays les moins avanc?s (PMA) et dans les pays en d?veloppement importateurs nets de produits alimentaires (PDNIPA), les pays qui sont ?ligibles pour l?assistance conform?ment ? la d?cision minist?rielle de Marrakech sur les Mesures relatives aux ?ventuels effets n?gatifs du processus de r?forme sur les pays en d?veloppement importateurs nets de produits alimentaires.

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Comercio, Medio Ambiente Y Desarrollo Sostenible

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: La relaci›n entre el comercio agricola internacional y la sostenibilidad ambiental son sin duda alguna un importante tema de debate en las negociaciones agricolas en curso. Por un lado, existe el deseo de que las cuestiones ambientales se tengan plenamente en cuenta en las politicas comerciales, pero por otro se teme que se utilicen como barreras comerciales.

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Cuestiones Relativas Al Comercio de Los Productos Forestales

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: El consumo mundial total de madera redonda pas› de alrededor de 2 400 millones de m3 en 1970 a 3 275 millones de m3 en 1999. Pese a este notable crecimiento, s›lo alrededor del 7 por ciento de la producci›n llega al comercio internacional como productos forestales bÿsicos debido al hecho de que mÿs de la mitad se utiliza para le?a y carb›n, en su mayor parte para uso dom?stico. Ello no obstante, el comercio mundial de productos forestales primarios ha aumentado ...

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