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Commercial Banking (5,780 Books)


A system of trading in money which involved safeguarding deposits and making funds available for borrowers, banking developed in the Middle Ages in response to the growing need for credit in commerce. The lending functions of banks were undertaken in England by money- lenders. Until their expulsion by Edward I in 1291, the most important money-lenders were Jews. They were replaced by Italian merchants who had papal dispensations to lend money at interest. In the 13th cent. credit was essential to finance commerce and major projects.

 
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An Anticorruption Reader : Supplemental Sources on Transparency, A...

By: International Development Agency

Excerpt: Over the past twenty years, members of the donor community have increasingly recognized that corruption ? commonly (but not uniquely) defined as the abuse of public office for private gain ? is a major impediment to economic development. As the new USAID ...

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Wto Compliance Briefing Reports Final

By: International Development Agency

Excerpt: Executive Summary. Jordan acceded to the WTO in April 2000. This requires Jordan to comply with 16 different trade-related agreements as well as commitments on goods and services market access, and other commitments set out in its accession Working Party R ...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1950; Volume 2, Number...

By: Maria E. Alessandrihq

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction Recognizing the need for an urgent response of the international community to the rapidly developing epidemics of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and HIV in countrics of eastern Europe and central Asia, the WHO Regional Office for Europe (WHOEURO) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIVIAIDS (UNAIDS) called for a meeting of international and bilateral organizations. Organizations invited were those already involved or with a potential to become in...

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World Health Organization : Year 1997 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1.1 Background and objectives of the meeting Health is a fundamental human right. Access to health care, including essential drugs is central to realizing this right. Among countries, there are wide variations in the roles which the public and private sectors (for-profit, and private not-for-profit) play in financing and providing health services. Within and across sectors, different mechanisms, with different policy implications, exist for financing and providing servic...

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Department of Treasury Financial Management Services Fiscal Year 2...

By: United States Department of the Treasury

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Key Strategic Issues. Funds are requested by FMS to continue providing critical services to millions of United States taxpayers and its other diverse base of customers and to maintain a high level of success in achieving Treasury?s and FMS? strategic goals. The FMS? Fiscal Year 2006 Budget embodies Treasury?s leadership strategy to create value for the American people, provide responsible and effective stewardship over the Government?s finances, and focus on qua...

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Weed and Seed in Sites Magazine

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: FOREWORD ... iii LEGEND ... v LEGISLATIVE BRANCH Architect of the Capitol ... 1 Government Accountability Office ... 1 Government Printing Office ... 1 Library of Congress ... 1 U.S. Tax Court ... 2 EXECUTIVE BRANCH Executive Office of the President ... 4 White House Office ... 4 Office of Policy Development ... 6 Office of Administration ... 7 Office of Management and Budget ... 7 Council of Economic Advisors ... 8 Council on Environmental Quality ... 8 Office ...

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Bibliographie

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Alleyne, G.A.O ... Hay, R.W ... Picou, D.I ... Stanfield, J.P. et Whitehead, R.G. 1977. Protein-energy malnutrition. Arnold, Londres. Banque mondiale. 1993. World development report. Investing in health. Oxford University Press, Oxford, Royaume-Uni. Banque mondiale. 1994. A new agenda for women?s health and nutrition. Washington. Banque mondiale. 1994. Enriching lives. Overcoming vitamin and mineral malnutrition in developing countries. Washington. Benenson, A.S...

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World Health Organization : Year 1993, Jpc14: Joint Programme Comm...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

In welcoming participants and observers to Luxembourg, the Minister of Health, Mr Johny Lahure, stressed the considerable achievements of OCP both in the field of health and in opening up fertile, riverain areas for socio-economic development. The Minister underlined the important tasks of the Joint Programme Committee at the current session and assured the Programme of the continued support of his country.

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World Health Organization : Year 1988 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1. TNTROUUCTION 70 representatives of government agencies and organizations attended the Second Meetlng of Interested Parties (MXP), convened by the WHO Action Programme on Essential Drugs and Vaccines from 22-24 June 1988 at the World Health Organization (WHO) Headquarters in Gcneva to consider: (a) the progress and plans of the Action Programme, including the progress of WHO'S revised drug strategy; (b) the possible establishment of a Management Review Committee; (c) p...

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World Health Organization : Year 1985-86 ; World Health Organizati...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

INTERNATIONAL DRINKING WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION DECADE Catalogue of External Support The objective of FA0 in relation to the Decade is to create a linkage of activities for the promotion of agricultural production with those for improved rural environmental health. The base from which FA0 can support the implementation of the Decade is determined by the programme and staffing levels established in order to meet the organization's responsibilities to assist member stat...

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World Health Organization : (Emro) Regional Office for the Eastern...

By: Hussein A. Gazairy, M.D., FRCS

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction Following a visit by a delegation from the French ministry responsible for health to the WHO Regional Office for Europe in Copenhagen, it was decided to organize, in France, a meeting on the progress of the International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade, during which a number of specific issues would be studied. It was agreed between the French Government and the Regional Office that the meeting should be held at the International Water Centre in ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1990 ; The Special Programme for ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1.INTRODIJCTION Rrprest?ntatives of 25 governments elected memherr of the Joint Coordinating Board (.ICR) - and of the three co-sponsoring agencies of the Spccial Programme for Research md Trailling in Tropical Diseases (TDR), mct as JCB(13) at WHO headquarters, Gcneva, on 26 and 27 June 1990. Representatives of 13 governments and 13 organizations particiyeted in thc ~cssion as official observers. The JCR members and observers participating fn the ses.;ion the naa~cn of ...

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The Economic Effects of 9/11: A Retrospective Assessment

By: Gail Makinen

Excerpt: On the morning of September 11, 2001, a small group of dedicated fanatics hijacked four commercial airplanes in flight, crashed three of them into buildings symbolic in various ways of what they found offensive about the United States, and changed the course of American history. Shortly after this occurred, a group of CRS analysts was called upon to assess the possible effects of the terrorist attacks on the U.S. economy and the ability of the government to deal...

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U.S. And International Responses to the Global Spread of Avian Flu...

By: International Development Agency

Excerpt: There are many strains of avian influenza virus that can cause varying amounts of clinical illness in poultry. Bird (or avian) flu outbreaks have occurred at various times around the world.1 Influenza A/H5N1 is a strain of bird flu currently spreading acr ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1997 ; World Health Organization,...

By: Victoria Sheffield

Medical Reference Publication

of the Trachoma Alliance. In July 1996, WHO hosted a Global Scientific Meeting on Future Approaches to Trachoma Control which had proposed the integrated SAFE strategy for trachoma control (S for Surgery, A for Antibiotic treatment, F for Facial cleanliness, E for Environmental improvement). A Planning Meeting of Interested Parties held in November 1996 had taken further the formation of the Trachoma Alliance. The challenge now before the new group is to obtain the neces...

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World Health Organization : Year 1997 ; World Health Organization,...

By: N. Ravichandran

Medical Reference Publication

Executive Summary Tuberculosis, a completely curable communicable disease. is a major health hazard in several developing countries, particularly in India. Recognizing the grave consequences associated with the spread of TB. Govemment of India, in 1962 launched National Tuberculosis programme (NTP), to control the spread of TB in India. After three decades of intervention through the NTP it was observed that the effectiveness of the NTP was moderate. According to an esti...

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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web China and Pro...

By: Shirley A. Kan

Summary: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. Recipients of China’s technology reportedly include Pakistan and countries that the State Department says support terrorism, such as Iran and North Korea. This report discusses the national security problem of China’s r...

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China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missile...

By: Shirley A. Kan

Summary: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the U.S. interest in reducing the role of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. Recipients of China’s technology include Pakistan and countries that the State Department says support terrorism, such as Iran, North Korea, and Libya. The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, added an urgent U.S. inter...

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Foreign Affairs, Defense, And Trade : Key Issues for the 108Th Con...

By: Lawrence Kapp

Summary: The 108th Congress will be faced early on with a number of pressing foreign affairs, defense, and trade issues. This report provides background information on the issues most likely to be taken up in the first session, analyzes the congressional role in shaping U.S. policy on these key issues, and lists CRS products that provide more detailed discussion and analysis. The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon dramatically altered the U.S. p...

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Foreign Affairs, Defense, And Trade : Key Issues for the 108Th Con...

By: Lawrence Kapp

Excerpt: As the global campaign against terrorism continues and a possible war with Iraq looms, Congress must complete action on the FY2003 appropriations bills and begin consideration of the budget for FY2004. Congressional actions are likely to reflect the reality that the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States (hereafter referred to as 9/11) have, in some fundamental ways, changed America and the way it looks at the world. For many, 9/11 destroyed ...

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