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International Relations (29,964 Books)


International Relations (IR) (occasionally referred to as International Studies (IS)) is the study of relationships between countries, including the roles of states, inter-governmental organizations (IGOs), international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and multinational corporations (MNCs). It is both an academic and public policy field, and can be either positive or normative as it both seeks to analyze as well as formulate the foreign policy of particular states. It is often considered a branch of political science (especially after 1988 UNESCO nomenclature), but an important sector of academia prefer to treat it as an interdisciplinary field of study.

 
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United Nations Mine Action : A Strategy for 2001-2005** Report of ...

By: United Nations

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: I. Introduction: 1. General Assembly resolution 55/120, adopted in December 2000, encouraged the Secretary-General to formulate a comprehensive mine-action strategy for the United Nations. In response to the resolution, United Nations partners developed a new strategy in consultation with Governments and international and nongovernmental organizations.1.

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Fao

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Central America is well known to be a region vulnerable to natural disasters, whether hurricanes, droughts or earthquakes. During the final week of October 1998, Hurricane Mitch ? arguably the worst natural disaster of the 20th Century ? hit five of the region?s six countries (Costa Rica is not included in this study), and Honduras and Nicaragua in particular. Its devastating force reached category 5 on the Saffir- Simpson scale. The hurricane brought sustained ...

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Nations accepting this Constitution, being determined to promote the common welfare by furthering separate and collective action on their part for the purpose of: raising levels of nutrition and standards of living of the peoples under their respective jurisdictions; securing improvements in the efficiency of the production and distribution of all food and agricultural products; bettering the condition of rural populations; and thus contributing towards an e...

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Forestry Department : Food and Agriculture Organization of the Uni...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Foreword: Rural people all around the world share the same concern for trees inside and outside the forest, with respect to resource use, availability and sustainable products and services. These men and women make no distinction between field trees and forest resources, perceiving the clear and close link between the two. Policy-makers and planners tend to view these same resources as different entities. It seems clear that trees outside the forest have not yet succeede...

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United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation Rural Development...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Massive recent withdrawal by the State (privatization, deregulation and finance policies of restricted public spending) initially fuelled a large-scale reduction in public institutions? intervention capacity and, in rural development terms, triggered a contraction in the public institutions which had been furnishing agricultural services, the down-scaling or abolishment of subsidies and the privatization of certain agricultural support services. Rural developmen...

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Food and Agriculture Organization on the United Nations

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Recently, a number of serious problems affecting the Maldivian shark fisheries have come to light. These include suggestions of overfishing of the valuable deepwater Gulper Shark (or Spiny Dogfish) resource; conflict between fishermen catching shark and those targeting other resources; and complaints from the tourism industry about the reduction of shark numbers at particular ?shark diving? sites. Overfishing and/or unresolved conflicts between resource users co...

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Forest Har...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: There has been an increasing interest at the global level for the adoption of reduced impact logging (RIL) as one means for moving towards sustainable forest management. The primary reason for this is that the increased awareness of the negative impacts of ill-planned forestry operations by stakeholders at the national and international levels has put pressure on governments to impose stricter controls on timber harvesting. Furthermore, international markets now...

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The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: FAO receives the KUNGSFENAN, the Swedish Seafood Award 2004, for Sustainable Fishing KUNGSFENAN, the Swedish Seafood Award, has the vision of highlighting Sweden as a guiding example when it comes to the future of the fishing industry and the promotion of food based on fish and fish products. Its over-all aim is to promote the development of trade and the fisheries, food production and restaurant industries by highlighting both efforts concerning the future as w...

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The Support for Policy and Programme Development (Sppd) Facility o...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1.1 Background The Support for Policy and Programme Development (SPPD) facility of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) aims to develop policies and programmes that could be of assistance to member countries of the organization. Within the framework of this facility, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) implemented the project Policy and Strategy for Poverty Alleviation and Sustainable Household Food Security in Nepal (NEP/99/023). Th...

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Conference Room Document Proposed by the Food and Agriculture Orga...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Introduction: The term ?food safety? is understood by reference to those hazards that may make food injurious to the health of a consumer. There is universal agreement on the need for safe food. ?Food Quality? refers to all the attributes that influence the value of a product to the consumer. Quality includes positive attributes such as origin, colour, texture, processing method for food, etc. ... as well as negative attributes such as adulteration, fraud, spoilage or co...

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International Non-Governmental Organizations in Observer Status wi...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1. The Principles Concerning the Participation of International Nongovernmental Organizations in the Work of the Codex Alimentarius Commission require the Secretariat to ?report to the Codex Alimentarius Commission on the relations between the Codex Alimentarius Commission and international non-governmental organizations established in accordance with the present Procedures and shall provide a list of organizations granted Observer Status, with an indication of ...

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International Non-Governmental Organizations in Observer Status wi...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1. The Principles Concerning the Participation of International Nongovernmental Organizations in the Work of the Codex Alimentarius Commission require the Secretariat to ?report to the Codex Alimentarius Commission on the relations between the Codex Alimentarius Commission and international non-governmental organizations established in accordance with the present Procedures and shall provide a list of organizations granted Observer Status, with an indication of ...

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Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Trade and Regional Co-O...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1. Country: Republic of Mauritius 2. Reporting institution or unit: Ministry of Agriculture, Food Technology & Natural Resources: Level 9, Renganaden Seeneevassen Bldg, Corner Jules Koenig & Maillard Streets, Port Louis ...

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International Non-Governmental Organizations in Observer Status wi...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1. The Principles Concerning the Participation of International Nongovernmental Organizations in the Work of the Codex Alimentarius Commission require the Secretariat to ?report to the Codex Alimentarius Commission on the relations between the Codex Alimentarius Commission and international non-governmental organizations established in accordance with the present Procedures and shall provide a list of organizations granted Observer Status, with an indication of ...

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Harmonization of the Conditions of Travel throughout the United Na...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The recommendations addressed below, according to the established format, are those deemed to be of direct relevance to FAO. Comments in respect of other recommendations are made as follows: In relation to recommendation 2, it may be noted that FAO is quite advanced among UN system organizations in the use of lump sum arrangements, including lump sum payments for non-staff and consultants to be introduced in the near future. FAO is also studying the feasibility ...

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2004 Financial Statements of the United Nations Joint Staff Pensio...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Attached are the unaudited financial statements, related schedules and statistical tables of the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Fund, for the year ended 31 December 2004.

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Procurement Practices Within the United Nations System (Jiu/Rep/20...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1. This JIU Report is accompanied by the comments of the Director-General and of the United Nations System Chief Executives Board for Coordination (CEB). 2. Given the subject matter, it is suggested that this JIU Report be considered by the Finance Committee. The Committee is invited to endorse, in particular, the comments the Director- General made on the report.

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Triennial Comprehensive Policy Review of Operational Activities fo...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Summary ... The 2004 triennial comprehensive policy review will be an important opportunity for the General Assembly to assess the overall functioning of the United Nations system at the country level and set its future course. The timing of this triennial comprehensive policy review is particularly significant: four years after the adoption of the Millennium Declaration and a year before its review by the General Assembly in 2005. First, it is an occasion to examine how...

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Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (Fao)

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Monday 17th of March 8:00 Registration/Opening Ceremony. 8:30 -10:00 Introduction of the participants, course methodology, structure and objectives. SECTION 2 Growing Importance of the Horticultural Sector in Latin American Countries. 10:30- 11:30 Importance of the Latin American Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Industry: Challenges and Opportunities. 11:30- 12:30 An Overview of the Quality Concept in the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Industry.

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1.INTRODUCTION [1] Broadly speaking, Biosecurity describes the concept, process and objective of managing ? in a holistic manner ? biological risks associated with food and agriculture. Interest in Biosecurity in food and agriculture is growing due to a number of often interrelated factors, including, increased international trade and travel, technical progress, heightened awareness of biological diversity issues, and greater attention to the environment and to ...

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