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Disarmament Documents (5,514 Books)


The United Nations International Disarmament Documents Collections are publications, documents, and reports is one of the most complete collections on international treaties, acts, and global assessment research reports ever assembled.

 
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The Exposureresponse Curve for Ozone and Risk of Mortality and the...

By: Michelle L. Bell

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Time-series analyses have shown that ozone is associated with increased risk of premature mortality, but little is known about how O3 affects health at low concentrations. A critical scientific and policy question is whether a threshold level exists below which O3 does not adversely affect mortality. We developed and applied several statistical models to data on air pollution, weather, and mortality for 98 U.S. urban communities for the period 1987?2000 to estim...

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The Exposureresponse Curve for Ozone and Risk of Mortality and the...

By: Michelle L. Bell

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Time-series analyses have shown that ozone is associated with increased risk of premature mortality, but little is known about how O3 affects health at low concentrations. A critical scientific and policy question is whether a threshold level exists below which O3 does not adversely affect mortality. We developed and applied several statistical models to data on air pollution, weather, and mortality for 98 U.S. urban communities for the period 1987?2000 to estim...

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Comparative Developmental Neurotoxicity of Organophosphate Insecti...

By: Theodore A. Slotkin

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: A comparative approach to the differences between systemic toxicity and developmental neurotoxicity of organophosphates is critical to determine the degree to which multiple mechanisms of toxicity carry across different members of this class of insecticides. We contrasted neuritic outgrowth and cholinergic synaptic development in neonatal rats given different organophosphates (chlorpyrifos, diazinon, parathion) at doses spanning the threshold for impaired growth...

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Trends in the Exposure of Nonsmokers in the U.S. Population to Sec...

By: James L. Pirkle

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Health risks associated with the active use of tobacco have been documented extensively over many years. After the first Surgeon Generals report on smoking and health in 1964, the prevalence of cigarette smoking in the United States began a gradual decline [Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) 2000a], although the use of tobacco continues to be an important problem and remains the leading preventable cause of death and disability in the United States (...

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Preface : Recent Findings in Mercury Health Effects

By: Janice W. Yager

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The four articles in this mini-monograph represent a cross-section of results from human studies on mercury exposure and health outcomes presented at the most recent International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant (ICMGP) held 28 June to 2 July 2004 in Ljubljana, Slovenia. The ICGMP provides a needed global forum for the exchange of innovative ideas, and it provides an opportunity to communicate research results to public policy makers, industry expert...

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Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 114, No. 6, June 2006 : Re...

By: Kiyoshi Inageda

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: To reveal the effects of cadmium exposure on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response, we examined the expression and function of 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (Grp78), an ER-resident molecular chaperone, in LLC-PK1 cells. In cells treated with 10 micrometer cadmium chloride, Grp78 protein levels increased after 6 hr and remained elevated at 24 hr. When cells were incubated with 1?20 micrometer CdCl2 for 6 hr, Grp78 increased in a dose-dependent manner....

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Framework for Environmental Health Risk Management

By: Norman T. Anderson

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Commission was assembled in May 1994. Our members included specialists in public health, occupational and environmental health, medicine, pediatrics, toxicology, epidemiology, engineering, law, and public policy. The members were appointed?six by Congress, three by President Clinton, and one by the president of the National Academy of Sciences?from health and environmental organizations, academia, research institutes, a law firm, and industry. Members also h...

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World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki Ethical Principl...

By: United Nations

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: A. INTRODUCTION: 1. The World Medical Association has developed the Declaration of Helsinki as a statement of ethical principles to provide guidance to physicians and other participants in medical research involving human subjects. Medical research involving human subjects includes research on identifiable human material or identifiable data. 2. It is the duty of the physician to promote and safeguard the health of the people. The physicians knowledge and consci...

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Information Circular No. 1

By: United Nations

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: On 1 September 2006, the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization will host a scientific symposium, ?CTBT: Synergies with Science,1996-2006 and Beyond?, in Vienna, Austria. The symposium is aimed at strengthening the interaction between the Provisional Technical Secretariat of the CTBTO Preparatory Commission and the global scientific community in order to establish a basis for a regular and continuous exchange in the fut...

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California Schools to Lead Nation in Educating Children about Envi...

By: Mike Wintemute

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: SACRAMENTO, CA ? (October 7, 2005) -- With the passage of AB 1721, California is poised to lead the nation in environmental education. AB 1721, supported and signed by Governor Schwarzenegger, allocates state funds of $7 million dollars over two years for environmental education curricula development under the Education and the Environment Initiative (AB 1548 Pavley ? Chapter 665, Statutes of 2003). The Education and Environment Initiative (EEI), a landmark envi...

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Sour Finding on Popular Sweetener - Ehp Student Edition, June 2006...

By: Wendy Stephan

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: BACKGROUND INFORMATION: The artificial sweetener aspartame, marketed under different brand names such as NutraSweet? and Equal?, has a long history of controversy regarding its safety. It is a chemical compound, originally discovered in 1965, that breaks down in the body to aspartic acid, phenylalanine, and methanol. The metabolite phenylalanine is known to cause a potentially deadly reaction in a very small group of people (phenylketonurics) who lack the abilit...

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Bans, Bans, Good for the Heart!

By: Wendy Stephan

Government Reference Publication

Summary: Students read a brief article showing the positive impact on heart attacks of a local nonsmoking ordinance in Pueblo, Colorado; identify various factors that influence our decisions about health behavior; and describe situations that may justify a regulatory solution.

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Environmental Health Perspectives

By: David A. Taylor

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: New Environment Law for Afghanistan In April 2005, Afghan president Hamid Karzai established the National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA), the countrys first such entity. The event was strictly ceremonial, since Afghanistan still had no legal tool for environmental management. Eight months later, however, on 18 December 2005, the Afghan cabinet approved legislation that for the first time gives Afghanistan the legal power it needs to begin bettering its e...

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Lesson What's in a Picture?

By: United Nations

Government Reference Publication

Summary: Students compare past and current tobacco advertisements for menthol cigarettes to identify common themes among the advertisements content. By analyzing the extent to which specific variables used (such as the text, models, and scenery) target different audiences, students assess whether the advertisements especially target youth. Extension Lesson?This lesson extends the discussion of cigarette marketing addressed in the EHP Student Edition article.

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Effekte Von Ausgewahlten Arzneimittelwirkstoffen auf Aquatische Wi...

By: United Nations

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Gliederung Das Pharmaka-Dilemma: wirkungsoptimiert, oft persistent, aber ohne okologische Wirkung ? Endokrin wirksame Pharmaka Methyltestosteron (MT) Ethinylostradiol (EE2) Effekte von Carbamazepin bei Ringelwurmern, Schnecken und Insekten Zusammenfassung und Ausblick.

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New Jersey Drinking Water Quality Institute

By: Bradley M. Campbell

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Executive Summary The New Jersey Drinking Water Quality Institute (NJDWQI), established by the 1983 amendments to the New Jersey Safe Drinking Water Act (N.J.S.A. 58:12A1 et seq., P.L. 1983, c. 443), is responsible for developing maximum contaminant levels (MCL) or standards for hazardous contaminants in drinking water and recommending these standards to the Commissioner of the N.J. Department of Environmental Protection (DEP). The standard setting process was e...

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