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Disarmament Documents (5,514 Books)


The United Nations International Disarmament Documents Collections are publications, documents, and reports is one of the most complete collections on international treaties, acts, and global assessment research reports ever assembled.

 
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No, No2, Nox and So2 Sampling Protocol Using the Ogawa Sampler

By: United Nations

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: General Information 1. Water, in all cases, shall mean water meeting ASTM Type I specifications. (Equal to Milli-Q by Millipore). Use Reagent grade chemicals for all applications. 2. Wash, in all cases, shall mean cleaning thoroughly with water meeting ASTM Type I specifications.

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Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Cou...

By: United Nations

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1. INTRODUCTION: Protection of bathing waters has been one of the first, and one of the most successful, elements of European Water Policy. The 1976 Bathing Water Directive1 has not only set binding standards for bathing waters throughout the European Union, but also resulted in an unprecedented public awareness, as bathing water quality is perceived by the citizens as directly touching upon their daily life. The annual Bathing Water Report published by the Comm...

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National Toxicology Program Us Department of Health and Human Services

By: Michael D. Shelby, Ph.D.

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1.0 CHEMISTRY, USE, AND HUMAN EXPOSURE 1.1 Chemistry 1.1.1 Nomenclature The Chemical Abstracts Service registry number for genistein is 446-72-0. ChemIDplus (1) synonyms for genistein include 4,5,7-trihydroxyisoflavone, 5,7,4-trihydroxyisoflavone, genisterin, prunetol, and sophoricol. Isoflavones such as genistein can be conjugated to glucose or other carbohydrate moieties. Carbohydrate conjugates are generically called glycosides and glucose conjugates are call...

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Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction

By: Michael D. Shelby, Ph.D.

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: In studies supported by Wyeth Laboratories, Protein Technologies International, and the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Setchell et al. (19) measured isoflavone levels in infant soy formula and in the blood of infants (n = 7) consuming soy formula. Results of the study, as well as additional details about methodology, were published in a later report by Setchell et al. (7). Following extraction with methanol, isoflavone levels in 5 US infant formulas were m...

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Relative Quantitation of Gene Expression

By: United Nations

Government Reference Publication

Introduction: Amplification of an endogenous control may be performed to standardize the amount of sample RNA or DNA added to a reaction. For the quantitation of gene expression, researchers have used  -actin, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), ribosomal RNA (rRNA), or other RNAs as this endogenous control.

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U.S. Sperm Trend Conclusions

By: John Heinze

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: This is not true. A number of such studies exist. Leto and Frensilli (2) documented a decline in sperm counts in potential sperm donors from all over the United States in a longitudinal study. Heinze stated that.

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Impact of Air Pollution on Reproductive Health

By: Radim J. Sram

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: It has long been known that air pollution can affect human health. Dockery et al. (1) and Schwartz (2) reported that increasing concentrations of pollutants are responsible for the significant increase of daily mortality. Respirable particulate matter is considered to be responsible for this increase. This association has been repeatedly observed in the United States (1,2), Europe (3), Brazil (4), and China (5). The results sparked discussions on new standards f...

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Using Telecommunications to Bring Health Care into the Home

By: Ron Chepesiuk

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The U.S. military is, in fact, one of the leaders in using Internet e-mail for teleconsultations. For example, since 1996, a dermatologist employed by the U.S. Navy as a consulting specialist for various shipboard primary care physicians has used telemedicine to treat sailors aboard aircraft carriers and other vessels. The Department of Defense is also implementing Web-based dermatology programs, and a total of 16 central sites in the United States and Europe wi...

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Environmental Handbook

By: Michael Soule

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Many of the patients that Balk sees in her inner-city clinic have asthma, which is a growing problem among minority children in low-income urban environments. Balk says that the handbook provides useful information for clinicians who diagnose and treat asthma. For instance, there is information on environmental triggers of asthma as well as practical treatment and prevention measures such as how to get rid of the roaches, dust mites, and molds that can exacerbate the condition.

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Perspectives in Memoriam

By: David P. Rall

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: As a scientist, administrator, and diplomat, David P. Rall pioneered the effort to identify and understand the elements that make up the human environment and their consequences for human health. As an intellectual and aggressive activist, he educated scientists, governments, and the world community to the critical need to address the existence of environmental agents and their consequences for human health. As a leader he marshalled some of the best minds and h...

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Innovations New Microscope Gives Scientists

By: Jennifer Medlin

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in Richland, Washington, have teamed together to develop a unique imaging system capable of focusing on a single living cell. This new technology will be used in what the multidisciplinary team has termed a ?cellular observatory? to study the effects of environmental insults on live cells. The new technology combines nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technology with optical microscopy to deliver informati...

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More Evidence of Mercury Effects in Children

By: United Nations

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: In research published last summer, scientists revealed that prenatal exposure to methylmercury, an organic form of mercury that accumulates in animal tissues, may affect the blood pressure and ability to respond to sensory stimuli in exposed children later in life. The team is now also confirming findings of mercury-related neurodevelopmental effects among the Faroese subjects by studying a cohort of Madeiran children.

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Spheres of Influence Caught Middle

By: Charles W. Schmidt

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The 1990s have emerged as the decade of economic globalization. More than ever, countries are part of a global economy that demands the elimination of trade barriers and the smooth flow of goods and services from one place to another. But even as countries seek the benefits of open trade, they find themselves having to resist imports they find undesirable. In some cases, the overriding concern of the importing country is that a product or class of products could...

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Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 107, No. 12, December 1999...

By: Bruce Hocking

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: I was glad to read the abstract of Harrison et al. (1) on the Web; this paper supports our work currently being done. I just returned from a cooperative program in Australia with Forestry and Forest Products-CSIRO, where methods were being developed to replace asbestos in fiber?cement products.

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The Precautionary Principle and Scientific Research Are Not Antith...

By: Bernard D. Goldstein

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Precautionary Principle is intended to protect human health and the environment. To serve these goals effectively, precautionary action must be coupled with concurrent research to decide whether the action taken is in fact protective.

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Focus the Worst of Both Worlds : Poverty and Politics in the Balkans

By: Valerie J. Brown

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Historically, the countries of the Balkan region obeyed the imperatives to develop heavy industry, factory farming, and militarization, all of which have led to pollution of the regions air, water, and soil by heavy metals, radioactivity, pesticides, and fertilizers. Yet the benefits of modernization and technological development, such as a higher standard of living and progressive health care, have largely passed the region by. In this sense, the countries of t...

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The Price of Cigarettes

By: United Nations

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: In addition to the waste generated by cigarette consumers, the tobacco manufacturing process itself produces liquid and solid wastes. Novotny and Zhaos research showed that in 1995 worldwide tobacco manufacturing produced 2.26 billion kilograms of solid waste and 209 million kilograms of chemical waste. Ironically, the trend toward ?healthier? low-nicotine cigarettes spawns nicotine as a waste product. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) includes nico...

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Medicinal Herbs : Ntp Extracts the Facts

By: United Nations

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The National Toxicology Program (NTP) has announced that it will design and initiate studies to identify and characterize possible adverse health effects that may be associated with prolonged use or higher doses of some of the most popular medicinal herbs, including Ginkgo biloba, Echinacea angustifolia, and Panax quinquefolius (American ginseng). The NTP studies a large variety of substances to which the population may be exposed in the environment, occupationa...

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Chemical and Biological Weapons : New Questions, New Answers

By: Ernie Hood

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The words ?chemical and biological weapons? (CBW) send a shiver down most spines these days. With the end of the Cold War, the possibility of a massive nuclear confrontation appears remote, so today many popular doomsday scenarios center on the aggressive use of chemical or biological warfare by rogue nations or terrorist groups. As exaggerated as some of the accounts are, with CBW cast as the latest unseen, unstoppable enemy, the threat posed by these weapons i...

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Spheres of Influence Closer to a Compromise on the Direction of En...

By: Dan C. Vandermeer

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: In his 9 July 1970 message to Congress accompanying the plan to create the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), President Richard Nixon said, ?As concern with the condition of our physical environment has intensified, it has become increasingly clear that we need to know more about the total environment?land, water, and air. It also has become increasingly clear that only by reorganizing our federal efforts can we develop that knowledge and effectively en...

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