Information and communications technology or information and communication technology, usually called ICT, is often used as an extended synonym for information technology (IT) but is usually a more general term that stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), intelligent building management systems and audio-visual systems in modern information technology.
Government Reference Publication
Excerpt: A. Mission Description and Budget Item Justification. The Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2) is a digital, battle command information system that provides integrated, on-the-move, timely, relevant battle command information to tactical combat, combat support and combat service support leaders and soldiers. FBCB2 incorporates state-of-the-art information technology to allow commanders to concentrate combat system effects rather than combat forces,...
Excerpt: (U) Mission Description: (U) The Defense Research Sciences Program Element is budgeted in the Basic Research Budget Activity because it provides the technical foundation for long-term National Security enhancement through the discovery of new phenomena and the exploration of the potential of such phenomena for Defense applications. It supports the scientific study and experimentation that is the basis for more advanced knowledge and understanding in information,...
Excerpt: (U) Mission Description: (U) The Computing Systems and Communications Technology program element is budgeted in the applied research budget activity because it is directed toward the application of advanced, innovative computing systems and communications technologies. This program element and the four projects included within it were created in accordance with congressional intent in the FY 2005 D.O.D. appropriations bill with prior year funding budgeted in PE ...
Excerpt: A. Mission Description and Budget Item Justification. The Joint Interoperability Test Command, as required by D.O.D. Directive 4630.5, D.O.D. Instruction 4630.8, D.O.D. Directive 5105.19, D.O.D. Regulation 5000.2-R, and CJCSI 6212.01B, provides life cycle test, evaluation, certification and technical support for all D.O.D. National Security Systems/Information Technology Systems (NSS/ITS) to assure all users that Combatant Commander, Service, and Agency systems ...
Excerpt: A. Mission Description and Budget Item Justification. The Global Combat Support System (GCSS) is an initiative that provides end-to-end visibility of retail and unit level Combat Support (CS) capability up through the National Strategic Level, facilitating information interoperability across and between CS and Command and Control (C2). GCSS for the Combatant Command/Joint Task Force Commander (CC/JTF) is fielded as a GCCS-J mission application, providing decisio...
Excerpt: A. Mission Description and Budget Item Justification. The Defense Technical Information Center’s mission is to provide timely and effective exchange of Scientific and Technical Information (STI) and Research & Engineering Information (R&E), to improve the quality and resource effectiveness of D.O.D. research, and to support D.O.D.-wide decision making. DTIC provides centralized acquisition, processing, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of STI, including info...
Legal Reference Publication
Excerpt: Partnership Background. The National Institute of Justice funded the COPLINK project in 1997, creating a partnership between an internationally recognized information technology research group, the University of Arizona Artificial Intelligence Lab (UA AI Lab), and the Tucson Police Department (TPD). Dr. Hsinchun Chen founded the University of Arizona Artificial Intelligence Lab in 1990, and continues as its director. The group is distinguished for its adaptation...
Preface: This bibliography provides annotations on future trends in terrorism from open-source literature published between 1996 and mid-1998. The dominant trend discussed in this literature is the increasing likelihood that terrorists will use weapons of mass destruction (WMD), particularly against the United States. Accordingly, many of the 295 monographs and journal articles surveyed in this bibliography discuss the potential threats of nuclear, biological, and chemic...
Nutrition Reference Publication
Excerpt: I. PROJECT BACKGROUND A. Programme Origin I.1. The Republic of Mauritius finds itself, in the 2004?2005 period, at a historic crossroad in its agricultural and economic development, mainly as a result of external influences arising out of the process of globalisation. Since the independence of Mauritius, in 1968, the sugar sector has played an important role in supporting the post?independence development and diversification of the economy into other sectors suc...
Medical Reference Publication
In health care, especially in developed countries, the use of different
types of information technology (IT) has progressed considerably
since the beginning of electronic patient registration,
leading to improvements in the interfacing and fusion capabilities
of a large variety of computer and telecommunication
technologies. Such evolution can be attributed partly to the
peculiarities of the health-care sector — namely, its scope,
its status as a large marke...
Globalization represents a challenge to health systems
worldwide, and in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of the World
Health Organization (WHO). The opening up of trade in health
services is perceived to create new opportunities for health systems
while also creating new challenges. Health systems are expected to
benefit from new developments in information technology, which
will facilitate access to up-to-date biomedical technology and skills
for large segments of popu...
Cross-national research has a long and well established tradition as an analytical
strategy in the social sciences, and social scientists such as Comte, Marx, Durkheim and
Weber have made great theoretical contributions through their comparative studies of
various societies (Berting, 1982). The cross-national approach is particularly valuable
for establishing the generality of findings and the validity of interpretations derived from'
single-nation studies (Kohn, 1989). ...
The medical care system in Austria provides services for persons with disabilities, but
there is a tendency to treat certain groups of persons with disabilities outside the general
medical care services.
The medical care system includes programs for prevention, early detection and
diagnosis as well as for treatment of impairment. It includes also programs for
rehabilitation techniques, necessary referrals and counselling for parents.
When we consider the role of health technology and pharmaceuticals in
public health, a number of critical questions arise:
“Children are the future” as everyone says – so why are millions of children’s
lives being cut short or blighted by polio, measles and other vaccinepreventable
diseases, when cheap and easy interventions, delivered by simple
methods, are readily available?
Everyone should be able to access essential drugs when they need them to
Maintaining the habit of a balanced daily diet is a fundamental factor in a healthy life.
Our eating habits are developed through and closely related to each person's lifestyle and
social adherence in the community. They are also shaped over time by the accumulation of
many influences such as personal experience, human interaction, the food trade, and
In the 21st century, many external factors can be expected to have a considerable
effect on lifestyl...
Excerpt: Washington, D.C. -- Public Printer of the United States Bruce R. James and Office of Management and Budget Director Mitchell E. Daniels, Jr. today jointly announced an innovative agreement that will free executive branch agencies to choose their own printers while saving taxpayer dollars. The agreement will also empower the GPO to maximize public access to federal information. “Today’s announcement is a victory for the American taxpayer,” said OMB Director Danie...
Excerpt: The Department of Justice (DOJ), Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), has submitted the following information collection request to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. The proposed information collection is published to obtain comments from the public and affected agencies. Comments are encouraged and will be accepted for ‘‘sixty days’’ until December 27, 2004. This process i...