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Econometrics (2,153 Books)


Econometrics may be defined generally as the "application of mathematics and statistical methods to the analysis of economic data." Theoretical econometrics considers questions about the statistical properties of estimators in an economic model. Those properties may permit testing an economic hypothesis as to its acceptance or rejection on the basis of statistical inferences from the available data set.

 
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Colombia's Targeted Education Voucher Program : Features, Coverage...

By: Elizabeth King, Laura Rawlings, Marybell Gutierreb, Carlos Pardob, and Carlos Torresb

Economics

In 1992 the Government of Colombia initiated an educational voucher program for secondary education. Its aim is to increase the transition rate from primary to secondary education by addressing one of the constraints faced by poorer students -- the shortage of space in public schools, especially in large cities. The program does this by tapping into the capacity of private schools which were already enrolling 40 percent of students at that time.1 Now five years after it ...

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Bosna I Hercegovina Country Economic Memorandum (Ekonomski Memoran...

By: The World Bank

Economics

Cilj ovog Ekonomskog memoranduma za zemlju (Country Economic Memorandum ? CEM) je trostruk. Prvenstveno, on pokusava da predstavi sva ekonomska desavanja u Bosni i Hercegovini (BiH) od kraja rata 1995. godine, s posebnim usmjerenjem na najnoviji period. Zatim, izvjestaj pokusava da istrazi potencijalne izvore za visi i odrziviji rast koje bi BiH mogla koristiti uporedo s napretkom njenih procesa integracije u Evropsku uniju. Na kraju, izvjestaj formulise preporuke vezane...

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Republic of Rwanda Annual Progress Report July 2005 : Poverty Redu...

By: The World Bank

Economics

Up to the end of 2004, Honduras had received $256.8 million in Interim HIPC debt relief. The relief was equal to 0.2% of GDP in 2000, 0.9% in 2001 and 2002 and 0.8% in 2003 and 2004. Most of the HIPC relief has been assigned to investment in human capital, especially in education and health. A small remainder of $20.2 million had not yet been applied to poverty programs by the end of 2004, and will be used in 2005. After HIPC Completion Point is reached, it is estimated ...

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Assessing World Bank Support for Trade, 1997-2004 : Executive Summary

By: The World Bank

Economics

The developing world is arguably more open today than at any time in recent memory. Developing countries have more than doubled their exports since the mid-1980s, helping many of them to grow steadily. Exports and imports have risen as a share of the gross domestic product (GDP) across a wide range of countries, fueled in part by China?s remarkable trade performance and the growth in services trade. Trade policies have also been significantly liberalized. Average import ...

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Kyrgyz Republic Country Assistance Evaluation

By: Gregory K. Ingram

Economics

The Kyrgyz Republic became an early and active reformer, even before it joined the Bank in FY93. Throughout the 1990s, it was considered a success case of reform. Inflation decreased to about 10 percent by early 1998; price and trade liberalization were extensive; it became the only CIS country to join WTO, in 1998; privatization was substantial; many laws were passed to improve the environment for private investors; exports, mainly gold, increased and GDP growth rates f...

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Lithuania Country Assistance Evaluation

By: The World Bank

Economics

Lithuania has overcome difficult structural problems and external shocks to achieve a generally successful transition to a market economy. When independence was regained in 1990, production was almost entirely state-owned and oriented to trade with the countries of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance. Against this, its population of 3.7 million was well educated, GDP per capita at $2,710 was relatively high, Lithuania?s location provided easy access to Western mar...

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Assistance to the Transition Economies : Were There Alternatives?

By: Jan Svejnar

Economics

Twelve years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, domestic and international analysts of the transition economies by and large agree that the transition from central planning to a market economy has been exceedingly difficult. There has also been a major debate about the extent to which the transition to date has succeeded or failed. In this paper, I provide an assessment of the policies that were followed and I discuss the extent to which there were known alternatives tha...

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Memorandum of the President of the International Development Assoc...

By: The World Bank

Economics

When Zambia became independent in 1964, its rich endowment of copper seemed to guarantee a bright future. However, state-dominated economic policies, coupled with falling copper revenues, led to plummeting standards of living. By the early 1 990s, Zambia was among the most heavily indebted and poorest countries in Africa. Following elections in 1991, the new Government embarked upon a far-reaching economic reform program. Despite substantial achievements in liberalizatio...

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National Income Accounts in the Northern Mariana Islands

By: Marc Rubin

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: In September 1998, the United States Department of Interior, Office of Insular Affairs engaged the International Programs Center (IPC) to measure and evaluate baseline economic conditions in the U.S. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI). IPC focused on using existing data sets, primarily the 1997 Economic Census and the 1998 Survey of Household Income and Expenditures. From these, we produced estimates of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and the distr...

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Women and the Economy in India

By: John E. Dunlop

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: India?s economy has undergone a substantial transformation since the country?s independence in 1947. Agriculture now accounts for only one-third of the gross domestic product (GDP), down from 59 percent in 1950, and a wide range of modern industries and support services now exist. In spite of these changes, agriculture continues to dominate employment, employing two-thirds of all workers. Furthermore, despite advances in the economy, large segments of the popula...

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Quarterly Financial Report for Manufacturing Mining and Trade Corp...

By: Martha Farnsworth Riche

Statistical Reference Document

Introduction: THE QUARTERLY FINANCIAL REPORT PROGRAM publishes up-to-date aggregate statistics on the financial results and position of U.S. corporations. Based upon an extensive sample survey, the Quarterly Financial Report (QFR) presents estimated statements of income and retained earnings, balance sheets, and related financial and operating ratios for all manufacturing corporations and large mining and trade corporations. The statistical data are classified by industr...

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Quarterly Financial Report for Manufacturing, Mining, And Trade Co...

By: James F. Holmes

Statistical Reference Document

Introduction: THE QUARTERLY FINANCIAL REPORT PROGRAM publishes up-to-date aggregate statistics on the financial results and position of U.S. corporations. Based upon an extensive sample survey, the Quarterly Financial Report (QFR) presents estimated statements of income and retained earnings, balance sheets, and related financial and operating ratios for all manufacturing corporations and large mining and trade corporations. The statistical data are classified by industr...

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An Approach for Identifying and Defining Intellectual Property (Ip...

By: Michael F. Mohr

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: The definition, valuation, and measurement of intangible assets generally and of intellectual property (IP) specifically has long been the subject of inquiry and debate among corporate accountants, tax authorities, and economists engaged in product classification, national income accounting, and productivity research. In recent years, however, this interest has moved from the arcane to the mainstream because of the widespread perception that IP, rather than ?bri...

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Statistical Research Division Report Series Srd Research Report Nu...

By: Will Gersch

Statistical Reference Document

Excerpt: In this paper we consider the optimal smoothing and forecasting of nonstationary time series with trend and seasonal mean value components with stationary covariance. Two classes of smoothness priors trend models are considered. In one the trend is modeled as a stochastically perturbed local polynomial function of time. In the other, the trend is assumed to consist of both the stocchastically perturbed local polynomial component plus a ?global? stationary time s...

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Data Brief U. S. Research and Development Expenditures Continued S...

By: John R. Gawalt

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Total expenditures for research and development (R&D) performed in the United States reached an estimated $177 billion in 1994, about 1 percent more than the estimated $174 billion spent in 1993 (table 1). In inflation-adjusted terms, however, 1994 expenditures declined by approximately 1 percent. Of the Nation’s 1994 R&D total, 18 percent was expended for basic research activities, 23 percent for applied research, and 59 percent for development. Overall, R&D wa...

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Data Brief U. S. R&D Spending Will Not Pick up in '95

By: John E. Jankowski

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Total expenditures for research and development (R&D) performed in the United States are expected to reach $171 billion in 1995, 1 percent more than the revised total for 1994 ($169 billion). After adjusting for expected inflation, however, this 1995 figure represents a 2-percent decrease in spending. As a proportion of gross domestic product (GDP), R&D will account for an estimated 2.4-percent share in 1995, slightly lower than that estimated for 1994 (2.5 perc...

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Summary Tables

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Table S-1. Budget Totals 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 In billions of dollars: Outlays ... 2, 052 2, 128 2, 189 2, 277 2, 369 2, 468 Receipts ... 1, 946 2, 048 2, 175 2, 338 2, 455 2, 572 Deficit/surplus ... ?106 ?80 ?14 61 86 104 Debt held by the public ... 3, 477 3, 570 3, 600 3, 548 3, 470 3, 379 As a percent of GDP: Outlays ... 19.8 19.5 19.0 18.7 18.5 18.3 Receipts ... 18.8 18.8 18.9 19.2 19.2 19.1 Deficit/surplus ... ?1.0 ?0.7 ?0.1 0.5 0.7 0.8 Debt held by...

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Summary Tables

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Table S-1. Budget Totals (Dollar amounts in billions) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 In billions of dollars: Receipts ... 1, 853 1, 836 1, 922 2, 135 2, 263 2, 398 2, 521 Outlays ... 2, 011 2, 140 2, 229 2, 343 2, 464 2, 576 2, 711 Deficit ... -15 8 -30 4 -30 7 -208 -201 -178 -190 Debt held by the public ... 3, 540 3, 878 4, 166 4, 387 4, 603 4, 797 5, 003 As a perce nt o f GDP: Receipts ... 17.9 17.1 17.0 18.0 18.1 18.3 18.3 Outlays ... 19.5 19.9 19.7 19.7 ...

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Government-Wide General Provisions

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: I am pleased to present the Preliminary Report of the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy for your review and comment regarding its recommendations, as called for by the Oceans Act of 2000. Please note that you are receiving an advance copy which is embargoed until 9:30 a.m. on April 20, 2004. Your input is critical to our process. The oceans, coasts, and Great Lakes are national treasures of importance to every state and territory. Almost 60 percent of the U.S. pop...

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Economic and Accounting Analyses

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The economic expansion that began in April 1991 is nearly four years old yet shows no signs of fatigue. Although the recovery was weak by historical standards in the initial two years, its pace subsequently quickened, adding jobs and pushing the economy toward fullemployment. Economic activity was especially strong over the four quarters of 1994 with real GDP growth of almost 4 percent. This was well above last January’s consensus forecast of 2.8 percent, and th...

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Records: 1941 - 1960 of 2,153 - Pages: 



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