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Socioeconomics (1,284 Books)


Socioeconomics or socio-economics is the study of the relationship between economic activity and social life. The field is often considered multidisciplinary, using theories and methods from sociology, economics, history, psychology, and many others.

 
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Summary Tables

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Table S-1. Budget Totals (Dollar amounts in billions) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 In billions of dollars: Receipts ... 1, 853 1, 836 1, 922 2, 135 2, 263 2, 398 2, 521 Outlays ... 2, 011 2, 140 2, 229 2, 343 2, 464 2, 576 2, 711 Deficit ... -15 8 -30 4 -30 7 -208 -201 -178 -190 Debt held by the public ... 3, 540 3, 878 4, 166 4, 387 4, 603 4, 797 5, 003 As a perce nt o f GDP: Receipts ... 17.9 17.1 17.0 18.0 18.1 18.3 18.3 Outlays ... 19.5 19.9 19.7 19.7 ...

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Government-Wide General Provisions

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: I am pleased to present the Preliminary Report of the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy for your review and comment regarding its recommendations, as called for by the Oceans Act of 2000. Please note that you are receiving an advance copy which is embargoed until 9:30 a.m. on April 20, 2004. Your input is critical to our process. The oceans, coasts, and Great Lakes are national treasures of importance to every state and territory. Almost 60 percent of the U.S. pop...

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Economic and Accounting Analyses

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The economic expansion that began in April 1991 is nearly four years old yet shows no signs of fatigue. Although the recovery was weak by historical standards in the initial two years, its pace subsequently quickened, adding jobs and pushing the economy toward fullemployment. Economic activity was especially strong over the four quarters of 1994 with real GDP growth of almost 4 percent. This was well above last January’s consensus forecast of 2.8 percent, and th...

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Three-Dimensional Structure of P21 in the Active Conformation and ...

By: Fred Wittinghofer

Government Reference Publication

Introduction: The prevalence of mutated forms of the ras oncogene in human tumors makes it an attractive target to study the function of the ?as gene product p21 (I,@. These mutations are usually point mutations in two amino acids of the p21 sequence. It may turn out that the malfunctioning of mutated p21 is involved in, if not responsible for, uncontrolled growth of certain human tumors. To understand the role of p21 in these processes and to design therapeutical agents...

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Eastern Europe and Central Asia

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Eastern Europe and Central Asia region encompasses 28 countries with widely divergent levels of economic development1. With between 10 and 55 percent of the population dependent on agriculture, the countries of the region are at an intermediate stage of economic development. On average, the agricultural sector contributed 12 percent of GDP in value added terms in 1998, but individual country figures range from 4 to 54 percent. The average contribution of agr...

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Investment in Land and Water : India's Experience

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: India continues to be a predominantly agrarian economy with the majority of its population depending on agriculture for livelihood. The agriculture sector contributes about one-fourth share in GDP. Population growth and fragmentation of limited agricultural land on the one hand and limitations to increasing productivity through traditional methods of cultivation on the other, posed a severe constraint to agricultural growth in India?s first decade of independenc...

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Executive Summary

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: A multi-region, non-spatial equilibrium model of the world sugar market was developed in order to project future prices, production, consumption, stock changes, and net trade under various scenarios. Supply, demand, and stock change elasticities were obtained for each country/region either through direct estimation or from prior studies. Projection information on real per capita GDP, population, and tariff changes were derived from published data. Parameters for...

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Land and Water Resources Information System in Egypt

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Egypt covers an area of slightly over one million square km. Ninety-nine percent of the population (65 million) lives in a small band alongside the Nile river in the Nile valley, in the Nile delta and in coastal areas on about 4 percent of the land. Agriculture is a key sector in the Egyptian economy. It contributes about 40 percent to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 22 percent to commodity exports, and 50 percent of overall employment. Thirty-four million peo...

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Land Resources Information System in Jordan

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Jordan, a semi-arid country, 8.9 million ha in extent, has an average rainfall ranging from 500 mm/year in the highlands to less than 50mm/year in the eastern parts of the desert. Mean temperatures are 8-16 C in winter and 22-26 C in summer. There are 18 physiographic regions, including the Jordan valley, escarpments and highlands, sandstone, basement, basalt and limestone plateaus, partly dissected, and closed depression. Besides the capital Amman there are six...

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Land Resources Information in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Libyan Arab Jamahiriya is situated in North Africa between 20 and 37? north and between 10 and 25? east. It is about 1.75 million square kilometers in extent. More than 95 percent of the country is desert. Cultivable areas cover an estimated 3.8 million hectares, slightly over two percent of the total area. The majority of the cultivated land and rangelands is located in the northern zone. At present, the areas which are under irrigation are estimated at 400...

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The State of Land, Water and Plant Nutrition Resources in Morocco

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Morocco covers a land area of 71 million ha and has an estimated population of 28 million in 1998. The country is divided into four main landscapes: the mountain areas of Rif and Atlas, the central plateau, the plains of the Atlantic and Mediterranean coast, the Saharan areas. Economic and social development in Morocco is mostly based in agricultural activity. This sector is the source of income for about half of the population and provides jobs to more than hal...

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Fertilizer Use by Crop in Uzbekistan

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Uzbekistan is divided into 12 oblasts or provinces and the autonomous Karakalpakstan Republic. Agriculture accounts for 26 percent of the country?s GDP. The total land area of Uzbekistan amounts to 44.9 million ha, of which 23.5 million ha are in pasture. A total of 4.3 million ha are irrigated, of which 3.3 million ha are irrigated arable land and one million ha irrigated pasture. There is a rainfed arable area of 0.8 million ha. Yields in the rainfed area are ...

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Decentralization and Local Government Performance

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The latter half of the twentieth century has witnessed the sustained growth of central state apparati throughout both the developing and developed world. Driven by the secular growth of the welfare state in the industrialized world, and in the developing world initially by the political imperative of creating national identities out of the ashes of colonialism, and subsequently by developmentalist attempts to guide the economy to growth and prosperity, central g...

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Country Report Czech Republic

By: Dana Koderova

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The area of the Czech Republic is 78,866 km2; the area of forestland is 26,370 km2, which represents 33.4%. Forest has increasingly become the important factor of socioeconomic development of society. Costs of the fulfillment of all social demands made on forests have to be covered to a large extent from income from timber sales. Due to a decline in timber prices and reduction of demand for roundwood, the share of the forestry sector on GDP, which in long term r...

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Trends in Romanian Forest Use and Conservation-Policy Options for ...

By: Dr. Ioan Vasile Abrudan

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Romania?s forests cover 27% of the country (circa 6.3 million ha) and include some of the last and largest tracts of natural and old growth forests still remaining in Europe. As a result of the forest restitution process about 30% of the Romanian forests have been transferred in non-state ownership in the last years. Between 13 and 15 million m3 have been harvested annually from the country?s forests (less than the annual allowable cut approved by the Government...

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National Report of Guyana

By: Dawn Shepherd

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Fisheries Sub-sector is important to the economy and social well-being in Guyana. The economic contribution of the Sub-sector has grown in recent years. The importance of the Fisheries Sub-sector is evident in five key areas: (i) Food Supplies Fish is a major source of animal protein in Guyana, with the per capita annual consumption being approximately 45 kg in 1991. (ii) Economy The primary sector of the Sub-sector contributed 7% to the total Gross Domestic...

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Iofc : Gulfs Committee

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Member State Area Km2 Estimated Population (Mid 2000) Population Density per Sq.Km Population Annual Growth, % (1999) Per Capita (GDP) $US (1998) Marine Fish Landings Tonnes (1999) Per Capita Fish Consumption Kg/Annum Bahrain 622 0.7 1125.4 3.6 9,684 10,290 14.7 Iran 1,648,000 67.4 40.9 2.0 2,850 226,550 3.3 Iraq 438,317 23.1 52.7 2.1 3,388 13,093 0.6 Kuwait 17,818 2.2 123.5 - 13,976 6,271 2.9 Oman 212,457 2.4 11.3 2.0 5,946 108,809 45.3 Qatar 22,014 0.6 27.2 3....

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Country Profiles

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Cambodia is located on mainland Southeast Asia between Thailand, Viet Nam and Lao PDR. Cambodia has a sea coast on the Gulf of Thailand. Natural resources are abundant in timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese and phosphate, and hydroelectric potential from the Mekong River. Agriculture dominates the Cambodian economy, contributing 35.6 percent GDP in 2002 and employing 69 percent of the workforce. The majority of farming households are engaged in rice prod...

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Pathways Towards Prosperity in Rural Nicaragua; Or Why Households ...

By: Benjamin Davis

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: While Nicaragua over the past decade has ranked among the poorest countries in Latin America in terms of per capita GDP, data from the last three LSMS surveys (1993, 1998, and 2001) has shown a consistent, though modest, decline in the incidence of poverty. Nationally, the incidence of poverty among individuals has fallen from 50.3 to 45.8 percent over this period. Most poverty is concentrated in the rural sector (with an incidence of 67.8 percent) and in partic...

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Food and Agriculture Organization on the United Nations

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Recently, a number of serious problems affecting the Maldivian shark fisheries have come to light. These include suggestions of overfishing of the valuable deepwater Gulper Shark (or Spiny Dogfish) resource; conflict between fishermen catching shark and those targeting other resources; and complaints from the tourism industry about the reduction of shark numbers at particular ?shark diving? sites. Overfishing and/or unresolved conflicts between resource users co...

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