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Numerical Modelling of Historical Landslide-generated Tsunamis in ...

By: B. Poisson; R. Pedreros

Description: BRGM – Land Use Planning and Natural Hazards, 3 avenue Claude Guillemin, BP 36009, 45060 Orléans Cedex 2, France. Two historical landslide-induced tsunamis that reached the coasts of the French Lesser Antilles are studied. First, the Martinique coast was hit by a tsunami down the western flank of Montagne Pelée at the beginning of the big eruption of May 1902. More recently, the northeastern coast of Guadeloupe was affected by a tsunami that had been gen...

Berté, E.: Les éruptions de la Montagne Pelée – Récit et observations d'un témoin, La Géographie, VI, 133–141, 1902 (in French).; Bourdier, J. L., Boudon, G., and Gourgaud, A.: Stratigraphy of the 1902 and 1929 nuée-ardente deposits, Mt. Pelée, Martinique, J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res., 38, 77–96, 1989.; Carey, S., Sigurdsson, H., Mandeville, C., and Bronto, S.: Pyroclastic flows and surges over water: an example from the 1883 Krakatau eruption, B. Volcanol., 57, 493–511, 199...

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Towards Dynamics in Flood Risk Assessment : Volume 12, Issue 11 (2...

By: M. Keiler; B. Mazzorana; S. Fuchs; L. Levaggi

Description: Department of Hydraulic Engineering – Abteilung Wasserschutzbauten, Autonomous Province of Bolzano, Italy, Cesare Battisti Str. 23, 39100 Bolzano, Italy. As a consequence of flood impacts, communities inhabiting mountain areas are increasingly affected by considerable damage to infrastructure and property. The design of effective flood risk mitigation strategies and their subsequent implementation is crucial for a sustainable development in mountain are...

Keiler, M., Sailer, R., Jörg, P., Weber, C., Fuchs, S., Zischg, A., and Sauermoser, S.: Avalanche risk assessment – a multi-temporal approach, results from Galtür, Austria, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 637–651, doi:10.5194/nhess-6-637-2006, 2006.; Keiler, M., Knight, J., and Harrison, S.: Climate change and geomorphological hazards in the eastern European Alps, Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. London, 368, 2461–2479, 20...

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A Spatiotemporal Optimization Model for the Evacuation of the Popu...

By: M. Maizia; K. Serrhini; H. Alaeddine

Description: Laboratoire Citères de l'Université de Tours, Tours, France. Managing the crisis caused by natural disasters, and especially by floods, requires the development of effective evacuation systems. An effective evacuation system must take into account certain constraints, including those related to traffic network, accessibility, human resources and material equipment (vehicles, collecting points, etc.). The main objective of this work is to provide assista...

Alaeddine, H., Maïzia, M., Serrhini, K., and Néron, E.: A mezoscopic vehicles pursuit model for managing traffic during a massive evacuation, University of Tours, Tours, France, 2014a.; Alaeddine, H., Néron, E., Serrhini, K., and Maïzia, M.: A novel polynomial algorithm for the lexicographic maximum dynamic flow problem with several sources applied to evacuation planning, University of Tours, Tours, France, 2014b.; Alaeddine, H., Serrhini, K., Maïzia, M., and Néron, E.: ...

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The Xws Open Access Catalogue of Extreme European Windstorms from ...

By: K. I. Hodges; L. C. Dawkins; A. J. Champion; M. A. Stringer; B. D. Youngman; D. B. Stephenson; L. C. Shaffrey; J. F. Roberts; H. E. Thornton

Description: Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, UK. The XWS (eXtreme WindStorms) catalogue consists of storm tracks and model-generated maximum three-second wind-gust footprints for 50 of the most extreme winter windstorms to hit Europe over 1979–2012. The catalogue is intended to be a valuable resource for both academia and industries such as (re)insurance, for example allowing users to characterise extreme European storms, and validate climate and catastrophe mo...

Beljaars, A. C. M.: The influence of sampling and filtering on measured wind gusts, J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 4, 613–626, 1987.; Bessemoulin, P.: Les têmpetes en France, Ann. Mines, 9–14, 2002.; Born, K., Ludwig, P., and Pinto, J. G.: Wind gust estimation for Mid-European winter storms: towards a probabilistic view, Tellus A, 64, 17471, doi:10.3402/tellusa.v64i0.17471, 2012.; Browning, K. A.: The sting at the end of...

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Storms of Crustal Stress and Ae Earthquake Precursors : Volume 10,...

By: C. Rafanelli; S. De Simone; G. Paparo; M. Poscolieri; G. Ventrice; G. P. Gregori

Description: IDAC – Istituto di Acustica O. M. Corbino (CNR), via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Rome, Italy. Acoustic emission (AE) displays violent paroxysms preceding strong earthquakes, observed within some large area (several hundred kilometres wide) around the epicentre. We call them storms of crustal stress or, briefly crustal storms. A few case histories are discussed, all dealing with the Italian peninsula, and with the different behaviour sho...

Akasofu, S. I.: The development of the auroral substorm, Planet. Space Sciences, 12(4), 273–282, 1964.; Akasofu, S. I.: Polar and magnetospheric substorms, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, 280 pp., 1968.; Arley, N. and Buch, K. R: Introduction to the theory of probability and statistics, Science Editions, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 240 pp., 1950.; Bak, P., Tang, C., and Wiesenfeld, K.: Self-organizing criticality. An explanation of $1/f$ noise, Phys. Rev. Lett.,...

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Large-scale Slope Failure and Active Erosion Occurring in the Sout...

By: M. Kimura; M. Nakamura; T. Ono; T. Matsumoto

Description: JAMSTEC, 2-15 Natsushimacho, Yokosuka 237-0061, Japan. The southwestern Ryukyu area east of Taiwan Island is an arcuate boundary between Philippine Sea Plate and Eurasian Plate. The topographic features in the area are characterised by (1) a large-scale amphitheatre off Ishigaki Island, just on the estimated epicentre of the tsunamigenic earthquake in 1771, (2) lots of deep sea canyons located north of the amphitheatre, (3) 15–20 km w...

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Modeling of Fast Ground Subsidence Observed in Southern Saskatchew...

By: P. J. González; N. D'Oreye; K. F. Tiampo; S. V. Samsonov

Description: Natural Resources Canada, 588 Booth Street, Ottawa, ON K1A0Y7, Canada. Fast ground subsidence in southern Saskatchewan (Canada) between the city of Saskatoon and Rice Lake was observed with the RADARSAT-2 interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) during 2008–2011. We collected 23 ascending Multi-Look Fine 3 Far (MF3F) and 15 descending Standard 3 (S3) RADARSAT-2 images and performed time-series analysis utilizing Small Baseline Subset (SBAS) and ...

Amelung, F., Jonsson, S., Zebker, H., and Segall, P.: Widespread uplift and trapdoor faulting on Galapagos volcanoes observed with radar interferometry, Nature, 407, 993–996, 2000.; Bawden, G., Thatcher, W., Stein, R., Hudnut, K., and Peltzer, G.: Tectonic contraction across Los Angeles after removal of groundwater pumping effects, Nature, 412, 812–815, doi:10.1038/35090558, 2001.; Beavan, J., Fielding, E., Motagh, M., Samso...

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A Comparison of Different Fractal Analyses for Vhf Electromagnetic...

By: Y. Ida; M. Hayakawa; N. Yonaiguchi; S. Masuda

Description: The University of Electro-Communications, Department of Electronic Engineering and Research Station on Seismo Electromagnetics, 1-5-1 Chofugaoka, Chofu Tokyo 182-8585 Japan. The VHF electromagnetic noise intensity data at several stations in the Tohoku area of Japan during the period of a rather large (with magnitude of 7.2) earthquake (Miyagi-ken oki earthquake) taken place on 16 August 2005, are analyzed by means of different fractal analysis methods, i...

Arneodo, A., Bacry, E., and Muzy, J. F.: The thermodynamics of fractals revisited with wavelets, Physica A, 213, 232–275, 1995.; Degauque, P. and Hamelin, J. (Eds.): Electromagnetic Compatibility, Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, p 652, 1993.; Eftaxias, K., Kapiris, P., Dologlou, E., Kapanas, J., Bogris, N., Antonopoulos, G., Peratzakis, A., and Hadjicontis, V.: EM anomaly before the Kozani earthquake: A study of their behavior through laboratory experiments, Geophys. Res. Le...

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Impact of a 1755-like Tsunami in Huelva, Spain : Volume 10, Issue ...

By: J. Catalão; M. A. Baptista; J. M. Miranda; L. Otero; E. Carreño; M. Olabarrieta; M. Gonzalez; V. V. Lima; J. A. Álvarez-gómez

Description: University of Lisbon, IDL, Campo Grande, Ed. C8, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal. Coastal areas are highly exposed to natural hazards associated with the sea. In all cases where there is historical evidence for devastating tsunamis, as is the case of the southern coasts of the Iberian Peninsula, there is a need for quantitative hazard tsunami assessment to support spatial planning. Also, local authorities must be able to act towards the population protection i...

Anonymous: Nuevo y Curioso Romance Del Estrago causado el dia de Todos os Santos en la Villa d Huelva, declara-se como reventó el Mar, y el Rio, pereciendo mas de mil personnas arruinados los Templos, y las Casas, y asstiendo los pocos vecinos, que Ham quedado; dad noticia, como cayendo en el Convento de la Victoria parte de su Templo, y Altar Mayor, entr sus ruinas se encontró el Sagrario todo rompido, menoe el el Sagrado que lo cubri milagrosamente en medio ladrillo, c...

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Thunderstorm Nowcasting by Means of Lightning and Radar Data: Algo...

By: P. Bonelli; P. Marcacci

Description: CESI RICERCA, Milano, Italy. Thunderstorms and their ground effects, such as flash floods, hail, lightning, strong winds, and tornadoes, are responsible for most weather damages in northern Italy, especially in the warm season from May to September. A nowcasting and warning system focused on severe thunderstorm events would be useful to reduce risks for people involved in outside activities and for electric, telecommunication, and sensitive industrial ...

Dixon, M. and Wiener, G.: TITAN: Thunderstorm Identification, Tracking, Analysis and Nowcasting – A Radar-based Methodology, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 10, 785–795, 1993.; Hering, A. M., Morel, C., Galli, G., Sénési, S., Ambrosetti, P., and Boscacci M.: Nowcasting thunderstorms in the Alpine region using a radar based adaptive thresholding scheme, Proceedings of Third European Conference of Radar in Meteorology and Hydrology (ERAD), available on http://www.copernicus.or...

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Assessing Tsunami Vulnerability, an Example from Herakleio, Crete ...

By: D. Dominey-howes; Y. Zong; D. Smith; M. Papathoma

Description: Coventry Centre for Disaster Management, School of Sciences and the Environment, Coventry University, Coventry, CV1 5FB, UK. Recent tsunami have caused massive loss of life, destruction of coastal infrastructures and disruption to economic activity. To date, tsunami hazard studies have concentrated on determining the frequency and magnitude of events and in the production of simplistic flood maps. In general, such maps appear to have assumed ...

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A Coastal Storms Intensity Scale for the Catalan Sea (NW Mediterra...

By: J. Mateo; J. A. Jimenez; E. T. Mendoza

Description: Laboratori d'Enginyeria Marítima, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain. A 5-class intensity scale for wave storms in the Catalan coast is presented. This has been done by analysing a storm data set which comprises 5 buoys during the period 1988/2008. The obtained classification improves the former proposal of Mendoza and Jiménez (2008) by better resolving spatial and temporal variability in wave storms in the area. The obtained classifi...

Bolaños, R., Sánchez-Arcilla, A., and Cateura, J.: Evaluation of two atmospheric models for wind–wave modelling in the NW Mediterranean, J. Mar. Sys., 65, 336–353, 2007.; Bunkers, M., Miller, J., and Degaetand, A.: Definition of climate regions in the Northern Plains using an objective cluster modification technique, J. Climate, 9, 130–146, 1996.; Campins, J., Genovés, A., Jansà, A., Guijarroa, J. A., and Ramis, C.: A catalogue and a classification of surface ciclones fo...

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Simulation of the Erosion Process of Landslide Dams Due to Overtop...

By: D. S. Chang; L. M. Zhang

Description: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong. A landslide dam typically comprises freshly deposited heterogeneous, unconsolidated or poorly consolidated earth materials and is vulnerable to overtopping breaching. A physically-based breach model is presented to simulate the breaching process of such landslide dams. The new model can predict the breach evolution, the ...

Annandale, G. W.: Scour Technology-Mechanics and Engineering Practice, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2006.; Apel, H., Thieken, A. H., Merz, B., and Blöschl, G.: Flood risk assessment and associated uncertainty, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 4, 295–308, 2004.; British Standards Institution: British standard methods of test for soils for civil engineering purposes, Part 2 – Classification tests, British Standard BS1377, British Standards Institution, London, 1990.; Casagli, N., ...

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Tsunami Risk Assessment in the Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia...

By: H. Hébert; P. Heinrich; F. Schindelé

Description: Laboratoire de Détection et de Géophysique, CEA, BP12, 91680 Bruyères-le-Châtel, France. Earthquakes occurring at the Pacific Rim can trigger tsunamis that propagate across the ocean and can produce significant damages far away from the source. In French Polynesia, the Marquesas Islands are the most exposed to the far-field tsunami hazards, since they are not protected by any outer coral reef and since submarine slopes are less steep than...

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Changes in Annual Maximum Number of Consecutive Dry and Wet Days D...

By: Y. Zhang; X. Li; S. Wang; M. Liu; W. Wei; W. Wang; L. Bai; F. Jiang

Description: Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 818 South Beijing Road Urumqi, Xinjiang 830011, China. Extreme precipitation events are major causes of severe floods and droughts worldwide. Therefore, scientific understanding of changing properties of extreme precipitation events is of great scientific and practical merit in the development of human mitigation of natural hazards, such as floods and droughts. Wetness and dryness ...

Bordi, I. I., Fraedrich, K., Petitta, M., and Sutera, A.: Extreme value analysis of wet and dry periods in Sicily, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 87, 61–71, 2007.; Chen Xiru: An introduction to Mathematical statistics. Science Press, China, 1981.; Colombo, A., Etkin, D., and Karney, B.: Climate variability and the frequency of extreme temperature events for nine sites across Canada: implications for power usage, J. Climate, 12, 2490–2502, 1999.; Coles, S.: An Introduction to St...

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Distribution of Neutrons Near the Earth’s Surface : Volume 3, Issu...

By: E. A. Sigaeva; O. Yu. Nechaev; B. M. Kuzhevskij

Description: Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Vorobjovy Gory, Moscow, 119899, Russia. The distribution of the count rate of neutrons (per second) near the Earth’s surface for two directions: towards the Earth and away from it, is studied using the experimental data, obtained in Moscow during 1996. The analysis shows that the mathematical approximation of the neutron count rate distribution can be described by...

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Temporal Variations in the Wind and Wave Climate at a Location in ...

By: P. R. Shanas; V. Sanil Kumar

Description: Ocean Engineering, CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research), Dona Paula, Goa 403 004, India. Temporal variations of wind speed and significant wave height (SWH) at a location in the eastern Arabian Sea is studied using ERA-Interim reanalysis data during 1979–2012. A Shallow water location is selected for the study since measured buoy data is available close to the location for comparison of the reanalysi...

Allan, J. and Komar, P.: Are ocean wave heights increasing in the eastern North Pacific?, EOS T. Am. Geophys. Un., 47, 566–567, 2000.; Ashok, K., Saji, N. H., and Yamagata, T.: Individual and combined influences of ENSO and Indian Ocean dipole on the Indian summer monsoon, J. Climate, 17, 3141–3155, 2004.; Bouws, E., Jannink, D., and Komen, G. J.: The increasing wave height in the North Atlantic Ocean, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 77, 2275–2277, 1996.; Berrisford, P., Dee, D.,...

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Ground Instability in the Old Town of Agrigento (Italy) Depicted b...

By: F. Menna; N. Casagli; G. Gigli; F. Agili; C. Del Ventisette; V. Liguori; F. Cigna

Description: Department of Earth Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. We combine on-site investigations with the interpretation of satellite Persistent Scatterers (PS) to analyse ground instability in the historic town of Agrigento, Italy. Geological and geomorphologic surveys, together with geostructural and kinematic analyses, depict the deformational patterns of the northwestern sector of the town, previously documented by extensive literature avail...

Barton, N. R. and Choubey, V.: The shear strength of rock joints in theory and practice, Rock Mechanics, 10, 1–54, 1977.; Casagli, N. and Pini, G.: Analisi cinematica della stabilità in versanti naturali e fronti di scavo in roccia, Geologia Applicata e Idrogeologia, 28, 223–232, 1993.; Bianchini, S., Cigna, F., Righini, G., Proietti, C., and Casagli, N.: Landslide HotSpot Mapping by means of Persistent Scatterer Interferometry, Environ. Earth Sci., 67, 1155–1172,

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The Konya Earthquakes of 10–11 September 2009 and Soil Conditions ...

By: R. Aksoy; A. Demiröz

Description: Selçuk University, Department of Geological Engineering, 42031 Konya, Turkey. Earthquakes registering magnitudes Md = 4.5 and 4.7 struck the city of Konya, Central Anatolia, on 10–11 September 2009, causing very slight damages. The earthquake epicenters were located at the east of Sille District along the Konya Fault Zone, a dip-slip fault. The nature and seismicity of the fault zone indicates that it is capable of producing earthquakes...

Aksoy, R. and Eren, Y.: The Konya fault zone, Journal of Faculty of Engineering and Architecture at Selcuk University, 19, 49–60, 2004.; Bott, J. D. J.: Seismic hazard zone report for the Mt. Sizer 7.5-minute quadrangle, Santa Clara County, California, Section-1, Department of Conservation, California Geological Survey, report 118, 3–19, 2006.; Bulduk, A.: Research report for groundwater of Konya center and spring water of central towns, Konya Metropolitan Municipality, ...

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Book Review of Palaeoseismology: Historical and Prehistorical Reco...

By: F. Guzzetti
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