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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2004 ; Issue 92415465...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Diphtheria is caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. This germ produces a toxin that can harm or destroy human body tissues and organs. One type of diphtheria affects the throat and sometimes the tonsils. Another type, more common in the tropics, causes ulcers on the skin.

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1989 ; Issue 92435423...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

La inhalacion es la causa mas frecuente de intoxicacion en la industria naviera, y la sustancia t6xica puede ser vapor, gas, niebla, nebulizacion, polvo o humos. La deglucion de un veneno es menos frecuente y suele ser consecuencia de un accidente. La absorcion por la pie1 y por inhalacion puede tener un efecto retardado. Las sustancias que causan daiio pueden hacerlo quemando o produciendo lesion local en la piel, 10s ojos u otros tejidos, o envenenamiento general tras ...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1998 ; Issue 92425449...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Les individus et les couples peuvent avoir des motivations diverses d'adopter, de poursuivre ou d'arrgter une contraception. Certains souhaitent retarder la naissance de leur premier enfant, d'autres veulent espacer les naissances successives, d'autres encore limiter la taille de leur famille au nombre d'enfants souhaitk. Le recours B la planification familiale est Cgalement le fait de personnes qui s'inttressent B d'autres aspects de la santC gCnCsique et sexuelle, par ...

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World Health Organization : Year 2003 ; Communicable Diseases and ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

La tuberculose peut être guérie Nous disposons des connaissances pour faire barrage à la pandémie partout dans le monde. La stratégie DOTS de lutte antituberculeuse est approuvée au niveau international. La Banque mondiale la considère comme « l’une des interventions sanitaires les plus rentables ». Grâce à la stratégie DOTS, 10 millions de patients ont été guéris depuis que l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) a déclaré la tuberculose urgence médicale mondiale en 1...

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European Occupational Health Series : Year 1993; Prevention in Pri...

By: Moira L. Plant, Ph. D.

Medical Reference Publication

Trends in the crude. age-adjusted and age-specific Incidence rates for various rel~gious groups were examined. For calculating these rates the female population. by religion and age, was estimated from the 1961, 1971 and 1951 census reports of Greater Bombay. Since our definition of a resident population d~fferfsr om the criteria used in the population census, r e corrected our population estimates by eliminating all migrants nrho had been resident for less than one year in Bombay.

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World Health Organization : Year 1992 ; The Special Programme for ...

By: R. Bergquist, Dr.

Medical Reference Publication

Schistosomiasis remains one of the main parasitic diseases affecting the populations of developing countries. Although new tools for the control of the disease have become available over the past decades, their wide-scale implementation remains difficult in many countries due to budgetary and operational constraints. The main challenge is thus to develop structures and strategies to apply and target the available tools in the most cost-effective, feasible and sustainable...

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World Health Organization, Weekly Epidemiological Record, Year 194...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Ce Releve est publie par le Service des Conven-tions Sanitares et de la Quarantaine de Rorgani-sation Mondiale de la Sante, qui, en vertu des Assords internationaux signes a New-York le 22 julllet 1946, englobe desormais les services epidemiologiques de I' Office International d'Hy-giene Publique de Paris, de la Societe des Nations et de I'UNRRA. II resulte de la fusion des pe-riodiques hebdomadaires et bi-mensuels de ces services. Les notifications relatives aux ma...

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1952; Volume 6, Number...

By: A. Isaacs

Medical Reference Publication

missing page

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1969; Volume 41, Numbe...

By: R. H. Waldman

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction In 2000, WHO and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) issued a provisional recommendation: all African infants born to mothers infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) should receive empirical cotrimoxazole (trimethoprim–sulfamethoxazole) prophylaxis against Pneumocystis carinii (now called Pneumocystis jiroveci a) pneumonia (PCP) from six weeks of age (1). This proposal was made for the following reasons: the high number of deaths...

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European Occupational Health Series : Year 1993; Prevention in Pri...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1. Conforrnemenr 2 la dScision prise par le 'conseil interparlementaire lors de $a 140e session (avril 1987), la Confgrence interparlementaire sur La saute - base du d6veloppement en Afrique a eu lieu 5 Brazzaville du 27 juin au Zer juillet 1988, B l'invitation du Groupe interparlementaire du Congo. 2. Les c6remonies d'inauguration et de cl8ture de la ConfGrence se sont deroulees au Centre de Conferences de Brazzaville; les siances de travail ont eu lieu au siPge du Bur...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2002 ; Issue 92917317...

By: Kofi A. Annan

Medical Reference Publication

I. INTRODUCTION «La maladie est partout : dans nos communautés, dans nos familles, dans nos maisons, et tous nos efforts en faveur de la paix et du développement seront vains si nous ne parvenons pas d’abord à la vaincre.» Kofi Annan, Secrétaire général de l’ONU Depuis son apparition il y a 20 ans, le SIDA n’a cessé de se propager sur tous les continents. A la fin de l’année 2000, le Programme commun des Nations Unies sur le VIH/SIDA (ONUSIDA) faisait état de 36,1 millio...

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World Health Organization : Year 2003 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

BPF Bonnes Pratiques de Fabrication Brevets1 Un titre accordé par les autorités publiques, conférant un monopole temporaire pour l’exploitation d’une invention à la personne qui la révèle, en fournit une description suffisamment claire et complète et en revendique le monopole. COF Consejo General de Colegios Oficiales de Farmacéuticos : organisation espagnole de collèges pharmaceutiques qui représente tous les collèges dans les institutions nationales et internationales,...

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World Health Organization Kobe Centre : 2003, World Health Organiz...

By: Yuji Kawaguchi

Medical Reference Publication

Preface Maintaining the habit of a balanced daily diet is a fundamental factor in a healthy life. Our eating habits are developed through and closely related to each person's lifestyle and social adherence in the community. They are also shaped over time by the accumulation of many influences such as personal experience, human interaction, the food trade, and advertising. In the 21st century, many external factors can be expected to have a considerable effect on lifestyl...

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World Health Organization : (Emro) Regional Office for the Eastern...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

At the end of 2002, the United States rejected a compromise proposal aimed at giving developing countries without local manufacturing capacities access to affordable life-saving drugs. At a December meeting at the World Trade Organization (WTO) in Geneva, negotiators of several of the 144 WTO members expressed their regret about the failure to reach an agreement by the intended deadline, which was the end of last year. Eduardo Perez Motta,

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European Occupational Health Series : 1994-97; Prevention in Prima...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Provide Emergency Response Teams at the request of governments, with the support and involvement of partners including the UN system and NGOs. The priority will be teams for high burden countries where the treatment gap is most urgent. These teams will work with treatment implementers and will conduct a rapid assessment of the barriers and opportunities that exist in achieving the 3 by 5 target;

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Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 2003; Volume 81, Numbe...

By: Mira Kojouharova

Medical Reference Publication

Human African trypanosomiasis presents a health challenge to the international community — a challenge both to poor countries and to rich countries (where there is often a shocking surfeit of health resources).

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World Health Organization : Year 2000 ; World Health Organization,...

By: C. K. Mauck

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION Colposcopy of the vagina and cervix is receiving increasing application in the development of vaginal products. The goal of this type of colposcopy is the detection of epithelial changes that may increase the likelihood of HIV or other STD acquisition. In 1995, the World Health Organization published a manual entitled, Manual for the Standardization of Colposcopy for the Evaluation of Vaginally Administered Products. In January 1999, the Contraceptive Resear...

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World Health Organization : Year 2000 ; World Health Organization,...

By: Tecla Butau

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction Three World Health Assemblies (WHA) have passed resolutions that have called for integrated approaches to Primary Health Care (PHC) which fully involve the communities. -- (These are resolution WHA33.27, of the Thirtythird World Health Assembly, passed in 1980; resolution WHA42.20, of the Forty-second World Health Assembly, passed in 1989; and resolution (WHA43.11 of the Forty-third World Health Assembly, in 1990.) In 1996 WHO convened a Working Group to set...

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World Health Organization : Year 1993 ; World Health Organization,...

By: Hans C. Matter

Medical Reference Publication

&&xoductiog In rural and urban areas of many countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America, canine rabies is a significant public health problem1. Dog population estimates based on questionnaire surveys and capture-markrecapture techniques carried out in several countries affected by canine I rabies revealed ratios of dogs to human beings ranging from 1:2 to 1:8 in rural regions and the existence of several hundred dogs per square kilometre (sq km) in villagesz~a~4~5~8~7~...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1994 ; Issue 92806314...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

The emphasis in this section is on protecting and improving the microbiological quality of drinhng-water. It is a basic ~ r i n c i ~ lleo,n g established as a result of the lessons learned from serious outbreaks of waterborne disease, that a single barrier to the spread of pathogenic organisms is not sufficient to ensure the purity of drinking-water ( I , 2). Purity is not the only requirement, however; the drinkingwater supply must also be capable of meeting the antici...

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